Slave captains shared two schools of thought, tight packers and loose packers:
1. Tight packers herded as many people as tightly as possible togther, arguing that the net receipts from sales of people into slavery would offset the number who died on board.
2. Loose packers preferred to give their captives "breathing room," thinking that more people would survive the journey under less crowded conditions.
Those responsible for this human trafficking where referred to as Slavers, they used a 16-inch formula when packing those who had been kidnapped, which they referred to not a people but rather as ‘vessels'.
Slavers allowed only 2' of head room: a man had 6' length & 16 inches width; and a woman had 5'10" length & 16" width, hence the name 16-inch formula.
This trade in human lives was a source of unparalled wealth, which fuelled the Briton's industrial revolution. Financial, commercial, legal and insurance institutions in England emerged to support the lucrative activities of those involved in the human trafficking of people from Africa.
Slave trade captains became bankers, plantation owners, stood for parliament, stately homes were built on the proceeds and many of the major developments of Britons Industrial Revolution were financed on the back of the sale and forced labour of people from Africa.
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